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The most hardworking countries in the world

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New research into working habits from around the globe has revealed the countries with the longest working days, lunch breaks and commutes.

Which countries are the hardest-working in the world? Do you have any ideas who definitely would or wouldn’t be in the running?

The people at Printerland.co.uk were curious about this question so they set out to compile data on the working days of employees around the world.

The research examines everything from the length of commutes to the length of breaks and average working hours around the world. It found that employees based in Nigeria, Cameroon and South Korea have the longest shifts, clocking in at 12 hours on average.

The length of working days is exacerbated by other factors, such as the cultural pressure on South Korean staff to attend informal meetings and staff dinners, which can mean they don’t get the opportunity to head home until 9pm at night.

A similar pressure is felt by workers in Japan, a country that has been recently dogged by negative press surrounding the frequency of deaths from overwork.

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In Nigeria, the toll of long working days is compounded by a gruelling three-hour commute, as a result of bad traffic and inadequate infrastructure. For similar reasons, workers in Pakistan also have to contend with extensive travel time to and from work.

Finland and Canada are tied for the shortest working day, coming in at six hours and 45 minutes. Meanwhile, workers in Romania can expect to work nine hours and 45 minutes.

Workers in Spain have the longest evenings due to their famous ‘siestas’, though some employees are opting to get home earlier as opposed to taking the protracted break, which seems to suggest that the practice is waning in popularity. Indeed, the Spanish government has been making some attempts to phase out the practice in order to get Spain more in line with other eurozone countries.

Greek people have the most frustrating commutes in all of Europe, spending an hour on the road each way. This is twice the European average and twice the commute of a UK worker, who spends half an hour getting to and from work.

To view the data in full, check out the infographic below.

Hard-working
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Nigeria: Zamfara claims 3,000 lives lost to Gunmen

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The Zamfara State government has claimed that it has lost 3,000 lives, with the state government spending some N17bn in the past seven years on fighting against banditry in the state.



 The Secretary to the Government of Zamfara, Prof Abdullahi Shinkafi, made the disclosure on Sunday in Gusau at a town hall meeting, organised by the Nigerian Bar Association to find a lasting solution to the worsening insecurity in the state.According to Shinkafi, “the banditry has resulted in the death of over 3,000 people, destruction of over 2,000 homes, burning of over 500 cars and kidnapping of over 500 people for ransom.

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He recalled that the crisis which started as a minor clash between herders and farmers had been taken over by armed bandits, who had carried out about 40 attacks.

He attributed the banditry to the shortage of manpower in the state, stressing the need for more indigenes to show interest in joining the security services to protect the state.

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Health & Lifestyle

Usual triggers of Schizophrenia

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The exact causes of schizophrenia are unknown. Research suggests a combination of physical, genetic, psychological and environmental factors can make a person prone to developing the condition.

Some people may be prone to schizophrenia, and a stressful or emotional life event might trigger a psychotic episode. However, it’s not known why some people develop symptoms while others don’t.



 Things that increase the chances of schizophrenia developing include:Genetics

Schizophrenia tends to run in families, but no single gene is proved to be responsible. It’s more likely that different combinations of genes make people more vulnerable to the condition. However, having these genes doesn’t necessarily mean you’ll develop schizophrenia.

Evidence that the disorder is partly inherited comes from studies of twins. Identical twins share the same genes. If one twin develops schizophrenia, the other twin has a one in two chance of developing it, too. This is true even if they’re raised separately unlike in the case of unidentical twins.

While this is higher than in the general population, where the chance is about 1 in 100, it suggests genes aren’t the only factor influencing the development of schizophrenia.

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Brain development

Studies of people with schizophrenia have shown there are subtle differences in the structure of their brains. These changes aren’t seen in everyone with schizophrenia and can occur in people who don’t have a mental illness. But they suggest schizophrenia may partly be a disorder of the brain.

Neurotransmitters

Neurotransmitters are chemicals that carry messages between brain cells. There is a connection between neurotransmitters and schizophrenia because drugs that alter the levels of neurotransmitters in the brain are known to relieve some of the symptoms of schizophrenia.

Research suggests schizophrenia may be caused by a change in the level of two neurotransmitters: dopamine and serotonin. Some studies indicate an imbalance between the two may be the basis of the problem. Others have found a change in the body’s sensitivity to the neurotransmitters is part of the cause of schizophrenia.

Pregnancy and birth complications

Research has shown people who develop schizophrenia are more likely to have experienced complications before and during their birth, such as: low birth weight, premature labor, lack of oxygen (asphyxia) during birth

Stress triggers

Triggers are things that can cause schizophrenia to develop in people who are at risk. The main psychological triggers of schizophrenia are stressful life events, such as: bereavement, losing your job or home, divorce, end of a relationship, physical, sexual or emotional abuse

These kinds of experiences, although stressful, don’t cause schizophrenia. However, they can trigger its development in someone already vulnerable to it.

Drug abuse

Drugs don’t directly cause schizophrenia, but studies have shown drug misuse increases the risk of developing schizophrenia or a similar illness. Certain drugs, particularly cannabis , cocaine, LSD or amphetamines, may trigger symptoms of schizophrenia in people who are susceptible.

Three major studies have shown teenagers under 15 who use cannabis regularly, especially “skunk” and other more potent forms of the drug, are up to four times more likely to develop schizophrenia by the age of 26.

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